Health and Social: Barriers Case study (Gennelle) Unit 1, P4.

A barrier to health and social care is anything that restricts the use of health and social services by making it more difficult for some individuals to access, use or benefit from.

Case Study

Gennelle is a 65 year old woman. She lives alone in her own flat. She had a stroke a while ago and now has limited mobility. She uses a walking frame, and her speech is not as clear as it used to be. Gennelle is happy living alone, but isn’t able to get out as much as she would like to. The lift in her building is often out of order and she can’t manage the stairs. Gennelle’s son visits once a month and her daughter takes her shopping once a week. Gennelle spends a lot of time watching television. She feels a bit lonely but doesn’t like to ask for help as she likes to be independent.

Health and social: Life stages (Unit 1, P5 M3)

Business Life Cycle: What are the 4 Key Stages?

Understand specific care needs and services accessed by individuals throughout the life stages

Infancy 0-2 years

•Babies and infants

•They depend on parents and/or carers

Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social needs (PIES)

•All PIES need to be met

Childhood (3-10 years)

Younger and older children
Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social (PIES) needs

Adolescence (11-18 years)

Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social (PIES) needs

Early adulthood (18-29 years)

An individual may be going to university or starting work. They may be thinking about marriage once in their mid-late 20’s.
Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, Social (PIES) needs

Middle adulthood (30-60 years)

Late adulthood (60+ years)

Mary is 72 years old. She has recently lost her husband of nearly 50 years. Mary’s health is deteriorating. She has arthritis and is in the early stages of dementia. Her bones are weak (osteoporosis) and she is now needing 24 hour care.